Consumer Insurance Contracts Act 2019


Subrogation: modification in family and personal relationships and in employment

23. (1) (a) This subsection applies where an insurer is liable under a contract of insurance in respect of a loss and but for this subsection the insurer would be entitled to be subrogated to the rights of the consumer against some other person (in this subsection referred to as “the other person”) and the consumer has not exercised those rights and might reasonably be expected not to exercise those rights by reason of—

(i) the consumer and the other person being members of the same family or being cohabitants, or

(ii) the consumer having expressly or impliedly consented to the use, by the other person, of a motor vehicle that is the subject matter of the contract.

(b) This subsection does not apply where the conduct of the other person that gave rise to the loss was serious or wilful misconduct.

(c) Where the other person is not insured in respect of that other person’s liability to the consumer, the insurer does not have the right to be subrogated to the rights of the consumer against the other person in respect of the loss.

(d) Where the other person is so insured, the insurer may not, in the exercise of the insurer’s rights of subrogation, recover from the other person an amount that exceeds the amount that the other person may recover under the other person’s contract of insurance in respect of the loss.

(e) (i) A consumer need not comply with a condition requiring the consumer to assign those rights to the insurer in order to be entitled to payment in respect of the loss and an insurer shall not purport to impose such a condition on the making of such a payment or, before making such a payment, invite the consumer so to assign those rights, or suggest that the consumer so assign them.

(ii) An assignment made in compliance with such a condition or in pursuance of such an invitation or suggestion is void.

(2) An insurer shall not be entitled to exercise rights of subrogation against an employee of the insured employer except when it proves that the loss was caused by such a person intentionally or recklessly and with knowledge that the loss would probably result.

(3) In this section—

(a) the reference to persons being members of the same family shall be construed in accordance with the Employment Equality Act 1998;

(b) “cohabitant” has the meaning given to it by the Civil Partnership and Certain Rights and Obligations of Cohabitants Act 2010.