Value-Added Tax Consolidation Act 2010

SCHEDULE 1

Exempt Activities

[VATA Sch. 1]

PART 1

Activities in the Public Interest

This Part sets out the exemptions for certain activities in the public interest in accordance with Chapter 2 of Title IX of the VAT Directive.

Postal services.

F244 [ 1. Public postal services, including the supply of goods and services incidental to their provision, which are provided as part of a universal service, in accordance with Chapter 2 (as amended by Directive 2008/6/EC of the European Parliament and of the Council of 20 February 2008 1 ) of Directive 97/67/EC of the European Parliament and of the Council of 15 December 1997 2 , by An Post (including postmasters) or by any other persons designated by the State in accordance with that Chapter (as so amended), but only if that supply is not on terms that have been individually negotiated. ]

Medical and related services.

2. (1) Hospital and medical care or treatment provided by a hospital, nursing home, clinic or similar establishment.

(2) Services closely related to medical care covered by section 61 or 61A of the Health Act 1970 which are undertaken by or on behalf of the Health Service Executive or by home care providers duly recognised by that Executive under section 61A of that Act.

(3) Professional medical care services recognised as such by the Department of Health and Children (other than dental or optical services), but only if those services are not supplied in the course of carrying on a business that wholly or partly consists of selling goods.

(4) The supply by dental technicians of services of a dental nature and of dentures or other dental prostheses.

(5) Professional dental or optical services.

(6) The collection, storage, supply, intra-Community acquisition or importation of human organs, human blood and human milk.

(7) Other professional medical care services that, on 1 January 2010, were recognised by the Revenue Commissioners as exempt activities.

Certain independent groups, non-profit making organisations and other bodies.

3. (1) The supply of services by an independent group of persons (being a group that is an independent entity established for the purpose of administrative convenience by persons whose activities are exempt from, or are not subject to, tax) for the purpose of rendering to its members the services directly necessary to enable them to carry out their activities, but only if the group recovers from its members the exact amount of each member’s share of the joint expenses.

(2) The supply of goods and services closely related to welfare and social security by non-profit making organisations.

(3) The supply of services and the supply of goods closely related to those services for the benefit of their members by non-profit making organisations whose aims are primarily of a political, trade union, religious, patriotic, philosophical, philanthropic or civic nature where such supply is made without payment other than the payment of any membership subscription.

F245 [ (4) The provision by non-profit making organisations of

(a) facilities for participation in

(i) sporting activities, including golf, or

(ii) physical educational activities,

or

(b) services closely related to the provision of those facilities. ]

F246 [ (5) The supply of cultural services, and the supply of goods closely linked to those services, by

( a ) a public body on or after 1 July 2010,

or

( b ) any cultural body (whether established by or under an enactment or not) that is recognised as such a body by the Revenue Commissioners for the purposes of this paragraph,

but excluding the supply of services to which paragraph 5(2) relates. ]

Children and education.

4. (1) The supply of services for the protection or care of children and young persons, and the supply of goods closely related to that supply, otherwise than for profit.

(2) The supply of services for the protection or care of children and young persons, and the supply of goods closely related to that supply, by persons whose activities may be regulated by regulations made under Part VII or VIII of the Child Care Act 1991.

F247 [ (2A) The supply of services for the protection or care of children and young persons where such services are

(a) referred to in the Child Care (Placement of Children in Foster Care) Regulations 1995, and

(b) provided by persons with whom arrangements have been made under section 58 (1) of the Child and Family Agency Act 2013 . ]

F248 [ (3) (a) The provision of

(i) children s or young people s education, school or university education, or

(ii) vocational training or retraining (subject to any conditions as may be specified in regulations),

including the supply of goods and services incidental to that provision, other than the supply of research services, but excluding instruction in the driving of mechanically propelled road vehicles other than the instruction of a kind to which clause (c) relates, by

(I) a public body,

(II) a provider in receipt of Exchequer funds for the purposes of that provision from a body specified in regulations,

(III) a recognised school within the meaning of the Education Act 1998 ,

(IV) a college within the meaning of section 2 of the Regional Technical Colleges Act 1992 , or

(V) a university mentioned in section 3 of the Universities Act 1997 .

(b) The provision by a body of any of the following:

(i) a programme of education and training within the meaning of the Qualifications and Quality Assurance (Education and Training) Act 2012 which is validated under section 45 of that Act;

(ii) a course which is considered by the Minister for Justice and Equality as an acceptable basis for the granting of an immigration permission, where such body is included on a list published by that Minister;

(iii) a course accredited by an approved college, within the meaning assigned by section 473A of the Taxes Consolidation Act 1997 ;

(iv) education to children or young people which, if provided by a recognised school within the meaning of section 10 of the Education Act 1998 , would be the curriculum determined by the Minister for Education and Skills in accordance with that Act (subject to any conditions as may be specified in regulations);

(v) vocational training or retraining (subject to any conditions as may be specified in regulations),

including the supply of goods and services incidental to that provision, other than the supply of research services, but excluding instruction in the driving of mechanically propelled road vehicles other than the instruction of a kind to which clause (c) relates.

(c) Instruction in the driving of the following mechanically propelled road vehicles:

(i) vehicles designed or constructed for the carriage of 1. 5 tonnes of goods or more;

(ii) vehicles designed or constructed for the carriage of more than 9 persons (including the driver). ]

F249 [ (4) F250 [ Tuition ] given privately by teachers and covering school or university education. ]

Other activities.

5. (1) Catering services supplied—

( a) to patients of a hospital or nursing home in the hospital or nursing home, or

( b) to school students at their school.

(2) The promotion of, and admission to, live theatrical or musical performances, including circuses, but excluding—

( a) dances, and

( b) performances in conjunction with which facilities are available for the consumption of food or drink during all or part of the performance by persons attending the performance.

F251 [ (3) The promotion of sporting events (other than in the course of the provision of facilities for taking part in sporting activities including golf or physical education activities of the kind specified in subparagraph (1) or (1A) of paragraph 12 of Schedule 3 ). ]

(4) The provision of the national broadcasting and television services, excluding advertising.

Annotations:

Amendments:

F244

Substituted (1.01.2011) by Finance Act 2011 (6/2011), s. 60(1)(a), commenced as per subs. (2)(a).

F245

Substituted (1.03.2015) by Finance Act 2014 (37/2014), s. 71(1)(a), commenced as per s. 71(1)(a).

F246

Substituted (6.02.2011) by Finance Act 2011 (6/2011), s. 60(1)(b), commenced on enactment.

F247

Inserted (23.12.2014) by Finance Act 2014 (37/2014), s. 71(1)(b), commenced on enactment.

F248

Substituted (25.12.2017) by Finance Act 2017 (41/2017), s. 57(b), commenced on enactment.

F249

Inserted (21.12.2015) by Finance Act 2015 (52/2015), s. 54(b)(ii), commenced on enactment.

F250

Substituted (25.12.2017) by Finance Act 2017 (41/2017), s. 58(h), commenced on enactment.

F251

Substituted (1.01.2013) by Finance Act 2013 (8/2013), s. 75(1)(a), commenced as per subs. (3).

Editorial Notes:

E57

Previous affecting provision: para. 4(3) substituted (21.12.2015) by Finance Act 2015 (52/2015), s. 54(b)(i), commenced on enactment; substituted as per F-note above.

1 OJ No. L52, 27.02.2008, p. 3

2 OJ No. L15, 21.01.1998, p. 14

PART 2

Other Exempted Activities

Financial services.

6. (1) Financial services that consist of any of the following:

( a) issuing, transferring or otherwise dealing in stocks, shares, debentures and other securities (other than new stocks, new shares, new debentures or new securities for raising capital and documents establishing title to goods);

( b) arranging for, or underwriting, an issue of stocks, shares, debentures and other securities (other than documents establishing title to goods);

( c) operating a current, deposit or savings account, and negotiating or dealing in payments, transfers, debts, cheques and other negotiable instruments, but excluding debt collecting and factoring;

( d) issuing, transferring, receiving or otherwise dealing in currency, bank notes and metal coins, in use as legal tender in any country, but excluding any such bank notes and coins that are supplied as investment goods or as F252 [ collectors pieces ];

( e) giving and F253 [ negotiating credit and ] managing credit by the giver of the credit;

( f) giving, or dealing in, credit guarantees or any other securities for money, and managing credit guarantees by the giver of the credit;

( g) F254 [ ]

( h) supplying services to a person under an arrangement that provides for the person to be reimbursed for the supply by the person of goods or services in accordance with a credit card, charge card or similar card scheme;

( i) entering into specified financial transactions within the meaning of Part 8A of the Taxes Consolidation Act 1997 where those transactions correspond to financial services listed elsewhere in this F255 [ subparagraph ].

(2) F255 [ Financial services that consist of managing an undertaking of a kind specified in this subparagraph: ]

( a) a collective investment undertaking as defined in section 172A of the Taxes Consolidation Act 1997;

F256 [ ( aa ) an investment limited partnership within the meaning of section 739J of the Taxes Consolidation Act 1997 ; ]

( b) a special investment scheme within the meaning of section 737 of the Taxes Consolidation Act 1997;

( c) an undertaking that is administered by the holder of an authorisation granted under the European Communities (Life Assurance) Regulations 1984 ( S.I. No. 57 of 1984), or by a person who is deemed, by Article 6 of those Regulations, to be such a holder, the criteria in relation to which are the criteria specified in relation to an arrangement to which section 9(2) of the Unit Trusts Act 1990 applies;

( d) a unit trust scheme established solely for the purpose of superannuation fund schemes or charities;

( e) an undertaking that is a qualifying company for the purposes of section 110 of the Taxes Consolidation Act 1997;

F256 [ ( ea ) an undertaking that enters into specified financial transactions within the meaning of Part 8A of the Taxes Consolidation Act 1997 where that undertaking corresponds to an undertaking specified elsewhere in this subparagraph; ]

F257 [ ( eb ) a defined contribution scheme (within the meaning of the Pensions Act 1990 ), other than a one-member arrangement (within the meaning of that Act); ]

F255 [ ( f ) any other undertaking that is determined by the Minister to be a collective investment undertaking for the purposes of this subparagraph. ]

(3) A determination referred to in subparagraph (2)(f) takes effect on the date when it is notified to the undertaking concerned or on such later date as is specified in the determination.

(4) In relation to an undertaking specified in subparagraph (2), management of the undertaking can consist of any one or more of the 3 functions listed in F258 [ Annex II of Directive No. 85/611/EEC ] of the European Parliament and Council (being the functions included in the activity of collective portfolio management) where the relevant function is F252 [ supplied ] by the person who has responsibility for carrying out that function in respect of the undertaking.

Agency services.

F255 [ 7.(1) The supply of agency services relating to the financial services specified in subparagraph (1) of paragraph 6 , excluding management and safekeeping services in regard to the services specified in clause (a) of that subparagraph.

(2) The supply of agency services relating to the financial services specified in paragraph 6(2) . ]

Insurance and reinsurance services.

8. F259 [ (1) Insurance and reinsurance transactions, and the supply of related services by insurance brokers and insurance agents. ]

(2) For the purposes of this paragraph “related services” F260 [ ] includes—

( a) collecting insurance premiums and selling insurance, and

( b) handling claims and providing claims settlement services where the supplier of the insurance services delegates authority to an agent and is bound by the agent’s decision in relation to claims.

Supply of investment gold.

9. (1) The supply, intra-Community acquisition and importation of investment gold, other than supplies of investment gold to the Central Bank of Ireland.

(2) In relation to investment gold, the supply of services of an intermediary acting in that capacity.

(3) In this paragraph the expressions “intermediary” and “investment gold” have the meanings respectively assigned to them by section 90(1) .

Gambling and lotteries.

10. F261 [ (1) The acceptance of bets that are subject to excise duty imposed by section 67 or 67A of the Finance Act 2002 and bets that are exempt from excise duty by virtue of section 68 of that Act.

(1A) The supply of services by a remote betting intermediary (within the meaning of section 64 of the Finance Act 2002 ), the consideration for which consists of commission charges within the meaning of section 67B of that Act that are subject to excise duty imposed by that section. ]

F262 [ (1B) The acceptance of bets by a remote bookmaker (within the meaning of section 64 of the Finance Act 2002 ) from persons outside the State.

(1C) The supply of services by a remote betting intermediary (within the meaning of section 64 of the Finance Act 2002 ) to persons outside the State, the consideration for which consists of commission charges for the use of the remote betting intermediary facilities. ]

(2) The issuing of tickets or coupons for the purpose of a lottery.

Letting of immovable goods.

11. (1) The letting of immovable goods, but not including any of the following:

(a) letting machinery or a business installation when let separately from any other immovable goods of which the machinery or installation forms part;

(b) letting hotel or holiday accommodation of the kind to which paragraph 11 of Schedule 3 relates;

(c) providing facilities for taking part in sporting activities of the kind to which 1 [ subparagraph (1) or (1A) of paragraph 12 ] of Schedule 3 relates;

(d) providing parking accommodation for vehicles by the operators of car parks;(e) hiring safes.

(2) Allowing a person to use a toll road or a toll bridge is not a letting of immovable goods for the purposes of this Act.

Other supplies of goods.

12. The supply of goods (other than immovable goods or goods of a kind specified in section 19(1)(h) ) by a person, being goods—

( a) that were used for the purposes of a business carried on by the person,

( b) in relation to the acquisition or application of which the person had borne tax, and

( c) that are of such a kind, or were used in such circumstances, that no part of the tax was deductible under Chapter 1 of Part 8.

F263 [ Gas and electricity services etc.

13. (1) The importation of gas through a natural gas distribution system or any network connected to such a system or fed in from a vessel transporting gas into a natural gas system or any upstream pipeline network.

(2) The importation of electricity.

(3) The importation of heat or cooling energy through heating or cooling networks. ]

Exemptions by derogation in accordance with Article 371 of the VAT Directive.

14. (1) The provision of services by a funeral undertaking.

(2) The supply of water by local authorities F264 [ and Irish Water ].

(3) Transporting passengers and their accompanying baggage.

(4) The admission of spectators to sporting events.

F265 [ Imports by certain international bodies

15. (1) The importation of goods by

( a ) the European Union, the European Atomic Energy Community, the European Central Bank or the European Investment Bank, or

( b ) the bodies set up by either or both the Union and the Community to which the Protocol of 8 April 1965 on the privileges and immunities of the European Communities applies,

within the limits and under the conditions of that Protocol and the agreements for its implementation or the agreements between the headquarters of those bodies and the host Member State of the headquarters, in so far as it does not lead to distortion of competition.

(2) The importation of goods by international bodies, other than those referred to in subparagraph (1) , recognised as such by the host Member State, or by members of such bodies, within the limits and under the conditions laid down by the international conventions establishing the bodies or by the agreements between the headquarters of those bodies and the host Member State of the headquarters. ]

Annotations:

Amendments:

F170

Substituted (1.03.2013) by Finance Act 2013 (8/2013), s. 75(1)(i), in effect as per subs. (3).

F252

Substituted (6.02.2011) by Finance Act 2011 (6/2011), s. 61 and sch. 2 par. 18, commenced on enactment.

F253

Substituted (23.12.2014) by Finance Act 2014 (37/2014), s. 71(c)(i), commenced on enactment.

F254

Deleted (27.03.2013) by Finance Act 2013 (8/2013), s. 75(1)(b), commenced on enactment.

F255

Substituted (27.03.2013) by Finance Act 2013 (8/2013), s. 75(1)(c), (d), (g) and (h), commenced on enactment.

F256

Inserted (27.03.2013) by Finance Act 2013 (8/2013), s. 75(1)(e) and (f), commenced on enactment.

F257

Inserted (1.03.2015) by Finance Act 2014 (37/2014), s. 71(1)(c)(ii), commenced as per s. 71(4).

F258

Substituted (27.03.2013) by Finance Act 2013 (8/2013), s. 105 and sch. 2 par. 3(d), commenced as per par. 5(a).

F259

Substituted (31.03.2012) by Finance Act 2012 (9/2012), s. 138 and sch. 6 par. 3(g)(i), commenced as per par. 4(b).

F260

Deleted (31.03.2012) by Finance Act 2012 (9/2012), s. 138 and sch. 6 par. 3(g)(ii), commenced as per subs. 4(b).

F261

Substituted and inserted (1.08.2015) by Finance Act 2011 (6/2011), s. 60(1)(c), S.I. No. 131 of 2015.

F262

Inserted (21.12.2015) by Finance Act 2015 (52/2015), s. 60, commenced on enactment.

F263

Substituted (1.01.2011) by European Union (Value-Added Tax) Regulations 2010 (S.I. No. 612 of 2010), reg. 4(g), in effect as per reg. 1(2).

F264

Inserted (1.01.2014) by Finance (No. 2) Act 2013 (41/2013), s. 67, commenced as per s. 67.

F265

Inserted (1.01.2011) by European Union (Value-Added Tax) Regulations 2010 (S.I. No. 612 of 2010), reg. 4(h), in effect as per reg. 1(2).