Protected Disclosures Act 2014


Tort action for suffering detriment because of making protected disclosure

13. (1) If a person causes detriment to another person because the other person or a third person made a protected disclosure, the person to whom the detriment is caused has a right of action in tort against the person by whom the detriment is caused.

(2) A person may not both—

(a) pursue a right of action under subsection (1) against a person in respect of a matter, and

(b) in respect of the same matter make or present against the same person—

(i) a claim for redress under the Unfair Dismissals Acts 1977 to 2007,

(ii) a complaint under Schedule 2, or

(iii) a complaint under section 114 of the Defence Act 1954 or section 6 of the Ombudsman (Defence Forces) Act 2004.

F44[(2A) Where the investigation of the relevant wrongdoing concerned was not the sole or main motivation for making the protected disclosure concerned, in determining the amount of any damages to be awarded, in proceedings under this section, to a person to whom detriment is caused, the amount may be up to 25 per cent less than the amount that it would otherwise be.

(2B) In any proceedings under this section in respect of alleged detriment caused to a person, the detriment so caused shall be deemed, for the purposes of this section, to have been caused as a result of the person or another person having made a protected disclosure, unless the person whom it is alleged caused the detriment proves that the act or omission concerned was based on duly justified grounds.]

F45[(3) In subsection (1), "detriment" means an act or omission referred to in any of paragraphs (a) to (q) of the definition of "penalisation" in section 3, subject to the modification that references in any of the said paragraphs to a worker shall be read as a reference to the person to whom the detriment is caused.]




Inserted (1.01.2023) by Protected Disclosures (Amendment) Act 2022 (27/2022), s. 22(a), S.I. No. 510 of 2022.


Substituted (1.01.2023) by Protected Disclosures (Amendment) Act 2022 (27/2022), s. 22(b), S.I. No. 510 of 2022.