Sale of Goods Act 1893
F11[Implied undertakings as to quality or fitness.
14.—(1) Subject to the provisions of this Act and of any statute in that behalf, there is no implied condition or warranty as to the quality or fitness for any particular purpose of goods supplied under a contract of sale.
(2) Where the seller sells goods in the course of a business there is an implied condition that the goods supplied under the contract are of merchantable quality, except that there is no such condition—
(a) as regards defects specifically drawn to the buyer's attention before the contract is made, or
(b) if the buyer examines the goods before the contract is made, as regards defects which that examination ought to have revealed.
(3) Goods are of merchantable quality if they are as fit for the purpose or purposes for which goods of that kind are commonly bought and as durable as it is reasonable to expect having regard to any description applied to them, the price (if relevant) and all the other relevant circumstances, and any reference in this Act to unmerchantable goods shall be construed accordingly.
(4) Where the seller sells goods in the course of a business and the buyer, expressly or by implication, makes known to the seller any particular purpose for which the goods are being bought, there is an implied condition that the goods supplied under the contract are reasonably fit for that purpose, whether or not that is a purpose for which such goods are commonly supplied, except where the circumstances show that the buyer does not rely, or that it is unreasonable for him to rely, on the seller's skill or judgement.
(5) An implied condition or warranty as to quality or fitness for a particular purpose may be annexed to a contract of sale by usage.
(6) The foregoing provisions of this section apply to a sale by a person who in the course of a business is acting as agent for another as they apply to a sale by a principal in the course of a business, except where that other is not selling in the course of a business and either the buyer knows that fact or reasonable steps are taken to bring it to the notice of the buyer before the contract is made.]
F12[(7) This section shall not apply to a contract to which Part 2 of the Consumer Rights Act 2022 applies.]
Substituted (31.12.1980) by Sale of Goods and Supply of Services Act 1980 (16/1980), s. 10, commenced as per s. 1(2).
Inserted (29.11.2022) by Consumer Rights Act 2022 (37/2022), s. 176(1) and sch. 6 part 1 ref. 1, S.I. No. 596 of 2022, subject to transitional provision in s. 9(1)(a).
Modifications (not altering text):
Enforcement of section provided for (31.12.1980) by Sale of Goods and Supply of Services Act 1980 (16/1980), s. 11, commenced as per s. 1(2).
Statements purporting to restrict rights of buyer.
11.—(1) Subsections (2) and (3) apply to any statement likely to be taken as indicating that a right or the exercise of a right conferred by, or a liability arising by virtue of, section 12, 13, 14 or 15 of the Act of 1893 is restricted or excluded otherwise than under section 55 of that Act.
(2) It shall be an offence for a person in the course of a business to do any of the following things in relation to a statement to which subsection (1) refers:
(a) to display on any part of any premises a notice that includes any such statement, or
(b) to publish or cause to be published an advertisement which contains any such statement, or
(c) to supply goods bearing, or goods in a container bearing, any such statement, or
(d) otherwise to furnish or to cause to be furnished a document including any such statement.
(3) For the purposes of this section a statement to the effect that goods will not be exchanged, or that money will not be refunded, or that only credit notes will be given for goods returned, shall be treated as a statement to which subsection (1) refers unless it is so clearly qualified that it cannot be construed as applicable in circumstances in which the buyer may be seeking to exercise a right conferred by any provision of a section mentioned in subsection (1).
(4) It shall be an offence for a person in the course of a business to furnish to a buyer goods bearing, or goods in a container bearing, or any document including, any statement, irrespective of its legal effect, which sets out, limits or describes rights conferred on a buyer or liabilities to the buyer in relation to goods acquired by him or any statement likely to be taken as such a statement, unless that statement is accompanied by a clear and conspicuous declaration that the contractual rights which the buyer enjoys by virtue of sections 12, 13, 14 and 15 of the Act of 1893 are in no way prejudiced by the relevant statement.