Land And Conveyancing Law Reform Act 2009
89.— (1) A legal mortgage of land may only be created by a charge by deed and such a charge, unless the context requires otherwise, is referred to in this Part as a “mortgage”; and “mortgagor” and “mortgagee” shall be read accordingly.
(2) Subject to subsection (3) , from the commencement of this Chapter—
( a) any instrument which would, but for the provisions of this section, convey a legal estate or interest in land by way of mortgage, or
( b) any other transaction which under any instrument would operate, but for the provisions of this section, as a mortgage by conveyance of a legal estate or interest in land,
does not create a legal mortgage.
(3) From the commencement of this Chapter, any transaction which under any statutory provision would, but for the provisions of this section, operate as a mortgage by conveyance of a legal estate or interest in land operates as if it were a mortgage under this Part.
(4) From the commencement of this Chapter, any power, whenever created, to mortgage or lend money on mortgage of a legal estate or interest in land operates as a power to mortgage the legal estate or interest by a mortgage under this Part or to lend money on the security of such a mortgage.
(5) This Part applies to both unregistered and registered land.
(6) Nothing in this section affects the creation of equitable mortgages of land.
(7) From the commencement of this Chapter, it is not possible to create a Welsh mortgage and any purported creation of such a mortgage is void.
(8) For the purposes of subsection (7) , a “Welsh mortgage” includes any transaction under which a grantee or chargee of land is entitled to hold possession, and take rents and profits in lieu of interest on a loan, of land without the grantor or chargor being under a personal obligation to repay the loan, but being entitled to redeem.