International Protection Act 2015
21. (1) A person may not make an application for international protection where the application is, under subsection (2), inadmissible.
(2) An application for international protection is inadmissible where one or more than one of the following circumstances applies in relation to the person who is the subject of the application:
(a) another Member State has granted refugee status or subsidiary protection status to the person;
(b) a country other than a Member State is, in accordance with subsection (15), a first country of asylum for the person.
(3) Where an international protection officer is of the opinion that an application for international protection is inadmissible, he or she shall recommend to the Minister that the application be determined to be inadmissible.
(4) Where an international protection officer makes a recommendation under subsection (3)—
(a) he or she shall prepare a report in writing, which shall include the reasons for the recommendation, and
(b) the Minister shall, as soon as practicable, notify the person concerned and his or her legal representative (if known) of the recommendation, which notification shall include—
(i) a statement of the reasons for the recommendation,
(ii) a copy of the report referred to in paragraph (a),
(iii) a statement informing the person of his or her entitlement under subsection (6) to appeal to the Tribunal against the recommendation, and
(iv) where applicable, a statement of the effect of subsection (13).
(5) The Minister shall notify the High Commissioner of a recommendation under subsection (3).
(6) A person to whom a notification under subsection (4) is sent may, within such period from the date of the notification as may be prescribed under section 77, appeal to the Tribunal against the recommendation concerned.
(a) the Tribunal shall make its decision without an oral hearing;
(8) Before reaching a decision on an appeal under subsection (6), the Tribunal shall consider the following—
(a) the notice of appeal,
(b) all material furnished to the Tribunal by the Minister that is relevant to the decision as to whether the application for international protection concerned is admissible,
(c) any observations made to the Tribunal by the Minister or the High Commissioner, and
(d) such other matters as the Tribunal considers relevant to the appeal.
(9) In relation to an appeal under subsection (6), the Tribunal may decide to—
(a) affirm the recommendation of the international protection officer, or
(b) set aside the recommendation of the international protection officer.
(10) The decision of the Tribunal on an appeal under subsection (6) and the reasons for the decision shall be communicated by the Tribunal to the person concerned and his or her legal representative (if known), the Minister and the High Commissioner.
(11) Where a recommendation is made under subsection (3), and—
(a) the person concerned does not appeal under subsection (6) against the recommendation, or
(b) the Tribunal, under subsection (9), affirms the recommendation,
the Minister shall determine the application to be inadmissible.
(12) Where the Minister determines an application to be inadmissible, he or she shall, as soon as practicable, notify the person concerned and his or her legal representative (if known) of the determination and of the reasons for it, which notification shall, where applicable, include a statement of the effect of subsection (13).
(13) Where an application for international protection that is purported to have been made under section 15 is determined under subsection (11) to be inadmissible—
(a) any examination of the application shall be terminated, and
(b) the report referred to in section 39 shall not be prepared.
(14) A notification under subsections (4)(b) and (12) shall be in a language that the person concerned may reasonably be supposed to understand, where—
(a) the person is not assisted or represented by a legal representative, and
(b) legal assistance is not available to the person.
(15) For the purposes of this section, a country is a first country of asylum for a person if he or she—
(a) (i) has been recognised in that country as a refugee and can still avail himself or herself of that protection, or
(ii) otherwise enjoys sufficient protection in that country, including benefiting from the principle of non-refoulement,
(b) will be re-admitted to that country.
(16) In this section, “refugee status” and “subsidiary protection status” shall be construed in accordance with Article 2 of Council Directive 2004/83/EC 2.