Companies Act 2014
Registration of charges and priority
Registration of charges created by companies
409. (1) Every charge created, after the commencement of this section, by a company shall be void against the liquidator and any creditor of the company unless either the procedure set out in—
(a) subsection (3)— the “one-stage procedure”, or
(b) subsection (4)— the “two-stage procedure”,
with respect to the charge’s registration is complied with.
(2) If, in purported compliance with the requirements of this Part as to the taking of steps in that behalf, there is received by the Registrar particulars of a charge that omit the required particulars in respect of one or more properties to which the charge relates, subsection (1) shall be read as operating to render void (as against the liquidator and any creditor of the company) the charge as it relates to the particular property or properties in respect of which that omission occurs but not otherwise.
(3) The procedure for registration under this subsection referred to in subsection (1) as the one-stage procedure consists of the taking of steps so that there is received by the Registrar, not later than 21 days after the date of the charge’s creation, the prescribed particulars, in the prescribed form, of the charge.
(4) The procedure for registration under this subsection referred to in subsection (1) as the two—stage procedure consists of the following, namely the taking of steps:
(a) so that there is received by the Registrar a notice stating the company’s intention to create the charge (being a notice in the prescribed form and containing the prescribed particulars of the charge); and
(b) so that, not later than 21 days after the date of the Registrar’s receipt of the notice under paragraph (a) (the “first-mentioned notice”), there is received by the Registrar a notice, in the prescribed form, stating that the charge referred to in the first-mentioned notice has been created.
(5) If the requirement under paragraph (b) of subsection (4) is not complied with, within the period specified in that paragraph, the notice received under paragraph (a) of that subsection in relation to the charge shall be removed by the Registrar from the register.
(6) Subsection (1) is without prejudice to any contract or obligation for repayment of the money secured by the charge concerned and when a charge becomes void under that subsection, the money secured by it shall immediately become payable.
(7) Where a charge comprises property outside the State, the prescribed particulars, in the prescribed form (and, as the case may be, the notice under subsection (4)(b)) may be sent for registration under this section, notwithstanding that further proceedings may be necessary to make the charge valid or effectual according to the law of the country in which the property is situate.
(8) If there is a change among the one or more persons entitled to a charge registered under this Part, the fact of that change having occurred, and particulars of the person or persons now entitled to the charge, may be delivered, in the prescribed form, to the Registrar and registered by him or her.
(9) Nothing in this section or any other provision of this Part authorises the delivery to the Registrar of a deed, or any supplemental document to it, and this Part does not impose or confer any duty or power on the Registrar to examine any deed or any supplemental document to it.