Employment Equality Act 1998

The forum for seeking redress.

77

77. F117 [ (1) A person who claims

( a ) to have been discriminated against or subjected to victimisation,

( b ) to have been dismissed in circumstances amounting to discrimination or victimisation,

( c ) not to be receiving remuneration in accordance with an equal remuneration term, or

( d ) not to be receiving a benefit under an equality clause,

in contravention of this Act may, subject to subsections (3) to (9) , seek redress by referring the case to the F118 [ Director General of the Workplace Relations Commission ] . ]

(2) F119 [ ]

F117 [ (3) If the grounds for such a claim arise

( a ) under Part III , or

( b ) in any other circumstances (including circumstances amounting to victimisation) to which the Equal Pay Directive or Equal Treatment Directive is relevant,

then, subject to subsections (4) to (9) , the person making the claim may seek redress by referring the case to the Circuit Court instead of to the F118 [ Director General of the Workplace Relations Commission ] . ]

F120 [ (4) In this Part, in relation to a claim referred under any provision of this section

( a ) the complainant means

(i) the person by whom it is referred, or

(ii) where such a person is unable, by reason of an intellectual or a psychological disability, to pursue it effectively, his or her parent, guardian or other person acting in place of a parent, and ]

( b) the respondent” means the person who is alleged to have discriminated against the complainant or, as the case may be, who is responsible for providing the remuneration to which the equal remuneration term relates or who is responsible for providing the benefit under the equality clause or who is alleged to be responsible for the victimisation.

F120 [ (5) ( a ) Subject to paragraph (b) , a claim for redress in respect of discrimination or victimisation may not be referred under this section after the end of the period of 6 months from the date of occurrence of the discrimination or victimisation to which the case relates or, as the case may be, the date of its most recent occurrence.

( b ) On application by a complainant the F118 [ Director General of the Workplace Relations Commission ] or Circuit Court, as the case may be, may, for reasonable cause, direct that in relation to the complainant paragraph (a) shall have effect as if for the reference to a period of 6 months there were substituted a reference to such period not exceeding 12 months as is specified in the direction; and, where such a direction is given, this Part shall have effect accordingly.

  ( c ) This subsection does not apply in relation to a claim not to be receiving remuneration in accordance with an equal remuneration term.

(6) Where a delay by a complainant in referring a case under this section is due to any misrepresentation by the respondent, subsection (5)(a) shall be construed as if the references to the date of occurrence of the discrimination or victimisation were references to the date on which the misrepresentation came to the complainant s notice. ]

F121 [ (6A) For the purposes of this section

( a ) discrimination or victimisation occurs

(i) if the act constituting it extends over a period, at the end of the period,

(ii) if it arises by virtue of a term in a contract, throughout the duration of the contract, and

(iii) if it arises by virtue of a provision which operates over a period, throughout the period,

( b ) a deliberate omission by a person to do something occurs when the person decides not to do it, and

( c ) a respondent is presumed, unless the contrary is shown, to decide not to do something when the respondent either

(i) does an act inconsistent with doing it, or

(ii) the period expires during which the respondent might reasonably have been expected to do it. ]

F122 [ (7) Where the complainant s claim for redress is in respect of discrimination

( a ) by the holder of a recruitment licence under the Public Service Management (Recruitment and Appointments) Act 2004 in the course of such a recruitment or selection process as is referred to in section 76(5)(a) ,

( b ) by the Minister for Defence in the course of a recruitment process for the Defence Forces, or

( c ) by the Commissioner of the Garda S í och á na in the course of a recruitment process for the Garda S í och á na,

the complainant shall in the first instance refer the claim for redress to the holder of the recruitment licence concerned or, as the case may be, to the Minister for Defence or the Commissioner of the Garda S í och á na. ]

(8) Where subsection (7) applies to a claim for redress in respect of discrimination, the complainant may not refer the case under subsection (1) F119 [ ] or (3) unless—

( a) F122 [ the holder of the recruitment licence concerned ] or, as the case may be, the Minister for Defence or the Commissioner of the Garda Síochána have failed to give a decision on the claim on or before the twenty-eighth day after it was referred, or

( b) the complainant is not satisfied with the decision given on the claim,

and in a case to which paragraph (a) or (b) relates, the end of the period of time which is applicable under subsection (5) (including, where appropriate, applicable under that subsection by reference to subsection (6)) shall be construed as—

(i) the end of that period, or

(ii) the end of the period of 28 days from the expiration of the period referred to in paragraph (a) or the date of the decision referred to in paragraph (b),

whichever last occurs.

F120 [ (9) Where a claim for redress under this Act (other than on the age or disability ground)

( a ) relates to employment in the Defence Forces, and

( b ) is made by a member thereof,

the claim shall, in the first instance, be referred for redress under the procedure set out in section 104 . ]

(10) Where subsection (9) applies to a claim for redress, the complainant shall not refer a case under subsection (1) F119 [ ] or (3) unless—

( a) a period of 12 months has elapsed after the referral under section 104 to which the claim relates and the procedures under section 104(2)(a) have not been requested or have not been completed, or

( b) the complainant is not satisfied with the recommendation given under section 104(2)(b) on the claim,

and in a case to which paragraph (a) or (b) relates, the end of the period of time which is applicable under subsection (5) (including, where appropriate, applicable under that subsection by reference to subsection (6)) shall be construed as—

(i) the end of that period, or

(ii) the end of the period of 28 days from the expiration of the period referred to in paragraph (a) or the date of the recommendation referred to in paragraph (b),

whichever last occurs.

F121 [ (11) A party to any proceedings under this Act before the F118 [ Director General of the Workplace Relations Commission ] or Labour Court may be represented by any individual or body authorised by the party in that behalf.

(12) F123 [ ( a ) Not later than 42 days from the date of a decision of the F118 [ Director General of the Workplace Relations Commission ] on an application by a complainant for an extension of time under subsection (5) , the complainant or respondent may appeal against the decision to the Labour Court on notice to the F118 [ Director General of the Workplace Relations Commission ] specifying the grounds of the appeal. ]

( b ) On the appeal the Labour Court may affirm, quash or vary the decision.

( c ) Unless otherwise agreed by the complainant and respondent, effect shall not be given to a decision of the F118 [ Director General of the Workplace Relations Commission ] on such an application until

(i) the period of 42 days mentioned in paragraph ( a ) has expired, or

(ii) any appeal against it has been determined,

whichever first occurs.

(13) This section is subject to section 104 . ]

Annotations:

Amendments:

F117

Substituted (18.07.2004) by Equality Act 2004 (24/2004), s. 46 and sch. paras. 1 and 2, commenced on enactment.

F118

Substituted (1.10.2015) by Workplace Relations Act 2015 (16/2015), s. 83(1)(c)(ii), S.I. No. 410 of 2015, subject to transitional provision in subs. (2).

F119

Deleted (18.07.2004) by Equality Act 2004 (24/2004), s. 46 and sch. paras. 1 and 3, commenced on enactment.

F120

Substituted (18.07.2004) by Equality Act 2004 (24/2004), s. 32(a), (b) and (c), commenced on enactment.

F121

Inserted (18.07.2004) by Equality Act 2004 (24/2004), s. 32(b) and (d), commenced on enactment.

F122

Substituted (6.10.2004) by Public Service Management (Recruitment and Appointments) Act 2004 (33/2004), s. 61(1) and sch. 2 part 1, commenced on enactment.

F123

Substituted (2.08.2011) by Civil Law (Miscellaneous Provisions) Act 2011 (23/2011), s. 22, commenced on enactment.