Waste Management Act 1996
R 1 Use principally as a fuel or other means to generate energy: This includes incineration facilities dedicated to the processing of municipal solid waste only where their energy efficiency is equal to or above:
— 0.60 for installations in operation and permitted in accordance with applicable Community acts before 1 January 2009,
— 0.65 for installations permitted after 31 December 2008,
using the following formula, applied in accordance with the reference document on Best Available Techniques for Waste Incineration:
Energy efficiency = (Ep — (Ef + Ei)/ (0.97x(Ew+Ef)
“Ep” means annual energy produced as heat or electricity and is calculated with energy in the form of electricity being multiplied by 2.6 and heat produced for commercial use multiplied by 1.1(GJ/year),
“Ef” means annual energy input to the system from fuels contributing to the production of steam (GJ/year),
“Ew” means annual energy contained in the treated waste calculated using the net calorific value of the waste (GJ/year),
“Ei” means annual energy imported excluding Ew and Ef (GJ/year), “0.97” is a factor accounting for energy losses due to bottom ash and radiation.
The energy efficiency formula value will be multiplied by a climate correction factor (CCF) shown below:
1. CCF for installations in operation and permitted in accordance with applicable Union legislation before 1September 2015.
CCF = 1 if HDD greater than or equal to3350
CCF = 1.25 if HDD less than or equal to 2150
CCF = — (0.25/1200) HDD + 1.698 when greater than 2150 and less than 3350
2. CCF for installations permitted after 31 August 2015 and for installations under paragraph 1 above after 31 December 2029:
CCF = 1 if HDD greater than or equal to 3350
CCF = 1.12 if HDD less than or equal to 2150
CCF = — (0.12/1200) HDD + 1.335 when greater than 2150 and less than 3350
(The resulting value of CCF will be rounded at three decimal places).
The value of HDD (Heating Degree Days) should be taken as the average of annual HDD values for the incineration facility location, calculated for a period of 20 consecutive years before the year for which CCF is calculated. For the calculation of the value of HDD the following method established by Eurostat should be applied: HDD is equal to (18°C — Tm) d if Tm is lower than or equal to 15°C (heating threshold) and is nil if Tm is greater than 15°C; where Tm is the mean (Tmin+Tmax/2) outdoor temperature over a period of d days.
Calculations are to be executed on a daily basis (d= 1), added up to a year.
R 2 Solvent reclamation/regeneration
R 3 Recycling/reclamation of organic substances which are not used as solvents (including composting and other biological transformation processes), which includes gasification and pyrolisis using the components as chemicals
R 4 Recycling/reclamation of metals and metal compounds
R 5 Recycling/reclamation of other inorganic materials, which includes soil cleaning resulting in recovery of the soil and recycling of inorganic construction materials
R 6 Regeneration of acids or bases
R 7 Recovery of components used for pollution abatement
R 8 Recovery of components from catalysts
R 9 Oil re-refining or other reuses of oil
R 10 Land treatment resulting in benefit to agriculture or ecological improvement
R 11 Use of waste obtained from any of the operations numbered R 1 to R 10
R 12 Exchange of waste for submission to any of the operations numbered R 1 to R 11 (if there is no other R code appropriate, this can include preliminary operations prior to recovery including pre-processing such as, amongst others, dismantling, sorting, crushing, compacting, pelletising, drying, shredding, conditioning, repackaging, separating, blending or mixing prior to submission to any of the operations numbered R1 to R11)
R 13 Storage of waste pending any of the operations numbered R 1 to R 12 (excluding temporary storage (being preliminary storage according to the definition of “collection” in section 5(1)), pending collection, on the site where the waste is produced).]
Substituted (31.07.2016) by European Union (Waste Directive) (Recovery Operations) Regulations 2016 (S.I. No. 372 of 2016), reg. 4, in effect as per reg. 3.
Previous affecting provision: schedule amended (14.06.2011) by European Communities (Waste Directive) (No. 2) Regulations 2011 (S.I. No. 323 of 2011), reg. 5; substituted as per F-note above.
Previous affecting provision: schedule substituted (31.03.2011) by European Communities (Waste Directive) Regulations 2011 (S.I. No. 126 of 2011), reg. 24; substituted as per F-note above.
Previous affecting provision: schedule substituted (12.07.2004) by Protection of the Environment Act 2003 (27/2003), s. 55 and sch. 4, S.I. No. 393 of 2004; substituted as per F-note above.
Previous affecting provision: schedule amended (19.05.1998) by European Communities (Amendment of Waste Management Act 1996) Regulations 1998 (S.I. No. 166 of 1998), reg. 7; substituted as per F-note above.