Civil Liability Act 1961

Discharge and estoppel by satisfaction.

16

16. (1) Where damage is suffered by any person as a result of concurrent wrongs, satisfaction by any wrongdoer shall discharge the others whether such others have been sued to judgment or not.

(2) Satisfaction means payment of damages, whether after judgment or by way of accord and satisfaction, or the rendering of any agreed substitution therefor.

(3) If the payment is of damages, it must be of the full damages agreed by the injured person or adjudged by the court as the damages due to him in respect of the wrong; otherwise it shall operate only as partial satisfaction.

(4) An injured person who has accepted satisfaction from one alleged to be a wrongdoer, whether under a judgment or otherwise, shall, in any subsequent proceeding against another wrongdoer in respect of the same damage, be estopped from denying that the person who made the satisfaction was liable to him; and the liability of such person shall be conclusively assumed for the purpose of the said proceeding: but the injured person may litigate in the said proceeding any question of law or fact relative to the liability of the defendant to such proceeding, other than the question whether or not the said satisfaction was made by one liable to the injured person.

Annotations:

Modifications (not altering text):

C12

Application of section extended (1.06.2004) by Personal Injuries Assessment Board Act 2003 (46/2003), s. 41, S.I. No. 252 of 2004.

Order to pay to operate as satisfaction of claimant’s claim.

41.—(1) If the amount or amounts specified in an order to pay are paid to the claimant such payment shall constitute a satisfaction of the claimant’s relevant claim for the purposes of section 16 of the Act of 1961 as if the claimant had agreed that that payment would be a payment of the full damages to him or her in respect of the claim.

(2) If only a portion of the amount or amounts specified in an order to pay are paid to the claimant such payment shall constitute a partial satisfaction of the claimant’s relevant claim for the purposes of section 16 of the Act of 1961.